ENGLISH 4 Quarter 3 Week 2: Values for Sustainable Growth and Development

Subject: English
  |  Educational level: Year IV

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QUARTER 3 : EDUCATION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
Week 2 : Values for Sustainable Growth and Development
 
I.  OBJECTIVES
 
     A.  Listening-Speaking
       
           1.  Listen to get specific information about how values for sustainable development can
                be
           2.  Determine cause-effect relationship
           3.  Infer character traits
           4.  Ask and respond to questions raised in panel discussions, quickie talk and
                interviews
 
     B.  Reading
 
           1. Demonstrate the ability to use previous experiences as processing information in a
               text
           2. Test new insights against previous learning
 
     C.  Language Forms in Use
 
          1. Express plans, intentions, motives, and state observations using infinitive phrases
          2. Use synonyms to ensure understanding of ideas
 
     D. Vocabulary
 
           1. Determine the meaning of words through context clues
           2. Use synonyms to ensure understanding of ideas
 
      E.  Literature
 
           1. Show a keener sense of value for what is worthwhile through exposure to literature
           2. Express commitment to practice moral values for sustainable development
           3. Show understanding and appreciation of the author's style in conveying his message
 
      F. Writing
 
           1. Organize information to come up with an effective editorial
           2. Expand ideas in well-constructed paragraphs observing coherence and cohesion
 
II.  SUBJECT MATTER
 
      Texts
 
             1. “Start with Yourself,” Chicken Soup for the Soul
             2. “Start Doing Good” (adapted), Bella Angeles Abangan, Lakbay Diwa, Tempo,
                 July 30, 2002, p. 7
             3. “My Message To You,” William Beebe
             4. “Moral Decay” by Paul L. Fuentes, Manila Standard, January 16, 1989
 
III.  PROCEDURE
 
        A.  Previewing
 
              Activity
                       Read this quotation and talk about how it reminds you of someone whose life
              account exemplifies the virtues reflected in it.
 
                               “Great Man develops the virtues in others, not their vices. Petty Man
                       does just the opposite.”
                                                                                                                 - Confucius
 
              1. Do you agree with Confucius?
              2. How does this quotation apply to your life?
 
        B.  Listening
 
              Pre-listening
 
             Activity 1
                       Pair off and share your answer to the following question.
                       Can you still remember what you dreamed of becoming when you were a
             child? What is it?
 
            Activity 2.   Decoding Secret Words
 
                        Guess the secret words. Use the meaning and the code below as guide.
 
                                              
           Activity 3.   Prediction
                   From the title “Start with Yourself” guess what words you are most likely to meet
           in the poem.
 
 
          Listening Text
                   The following words were written on the tomb of an Anglican Bishop in the
          crypts of Westminster Abbey:
 
Start With Yourself
 
                   When I was young and free and my imagination had no limits,
                    I dreamed of changing the world. As I grew older and wiser,
                    I discovered the world would not change,
                    so I shortened my sight somewhat
                    and decided to change only my country.
 
                    But it, too, seemed immovable.
 
                   As I grew into my twilight years,
                   in one last desperate attempt,
                   I settle for changing only my family,
                   those closest to me, but
 
                   Alas, they would have none of it.
 
                   And now as I lie on my deathbed, I suddenly realize:
                   If I had only changed myself first,
                   then by example I would have changed
                   my family.
 
                   From their inspiration and encouragement,
                   I would then have been able to better my country
                   and, who knows,
                   I may have even changed the world.
 
 
         While Listening
 
         Activity 5.   Find the Hook
 
                  Listen to your teacher read the poem “Start With Yourself.” In the boxes, write
         the Bishop's dreams and wishes—
 
                  
 
         Activity 6
 
                 Listen to your classmate read the poem and jot down the causes of events in the
         poem as well as their effects.
                   
                      
 
         Activity 7.   Time Line
 
               Fill in the time line with words/phrases suggesting and clarifying time as you listen to
        your classmate read the poem.
 
              
 
         Activity 8.   What I can Infer
 
                 Read the poem and fill in the chart with the traits of the Bishop as can be inferred
         from what he said. Point out the lines which support your contention.
 
       
         Activity 9. Pushing the Pen
 
                   Write a letter or a prayer which one might have written in case he is given only
         twenty-four hours to live.
 
    C.  Reading
 
         Pre-reading
 
        Activity 1.   Connect, arrange, construct a very inspiring statement out of these jumbled 
                            words.
 
                                                               
                                  
 
 
         Activity 2.    What Word Game?
 
                  Think of a word that has each letter below in the middle position. One is done for
         you.
 
                        
 
        Activity 3.  What I Expect
 
                 Write down words (as many as you can) that you expect to find in the article
        entitled “Start Doing Good.”
 
        While Reading
 
        Activity 4
 
                 Read the article “Start Doing Good” by Bella Angeles Abangan and check your
        list of words against what you will find in the article. Work with a partner.
 
        Activity 5. Small-Group Differentiated Activities
 
                 Read the article “Start Doing Good” and perform the assignment task.
 
Start Doing Good
 
                                       LORD
 
                                       I will live through the next
                                                twelve hours and not try
                                                to tackle all of life's
                                                problem at once,
 
                                       I will improve my mind
                                               I will learn something useful.
                                               I will learn something that
                                               requires effort, thought,
                                               and concentration.
 
                                       I will be agreeable, I will look
                                               my best speak in a well
                                               modulated voice, and be
                                               courteous and considerable.
 
                                       I will not find fault with friends
                                              relatives or colleagues
                                              I will not try to change or
                                              improve anyone but myself.
 
                                       I will have a program, I might
                                              not follow it exactly but
                                              I will have it. I will save
                                              myself from two enemies–
                                              hurry and indecision.
 
                                      I will do a good turn and
                                              keep it a secret,
                                              I will do two things I don't
                                              want to do. Just for the exercise.
 
                                      I will believe my self.
                                              I will give my best to the
                                              world and feel confident
                                              that the world will give its best to me.
                                              I can do all things through Christ.
                                              Christ who strengthens me. AMEN
 
                                                                                                       Just for Foday
 
                 “Just for Today” is anonymously written, and it started with: “Lord, this day I'll do 
        these thirteen (13) promises.”
 
                 Each line gives strength and progress to us. If we work purposely for the
        attainment of these thirteen goals, we will surely become progressive and improved
        ourselves all the more.
 
                 Here is a story of Miss Miriam, a teacher who loved her graduating students that
        year. She loved her advisory section so much that when she handed the diploma to each
        of her students, she enclosed a xerox copy of this prayer. She also enclosed a letter
        stating her challenge to each one.
 
                 “Do good for we have only one life, and we won't be born again.” This is a
        challenge posed to each one of us. We have to do good to ourselves, to others and
        most especially to God. Everything depends on our attitude.
 
                 The challenge stated also that no one will be absent on their reunion after five     
        years in her house in Sampaloc.
 
                 She has hoped for a birthday gift from each of her students and that is—each has
        to finish a vocational or college course/degree. She highlighted that God serves as their
        guide.
 
 
 
                                                                        Adapted from : “Lakbay Diwa” by Bella
                                                                                                Angeles Abangan, Tempo
                                                                                                 July 30, 2002, p. 7
 
  Groups 1 and 2. Word Riddle Puzzle
 
              The hidden words were taken from the reading texts.
 
              Tell what word is described in each statement. The number of dashes indicates the
   number of letter in each hidden word. Fill the dashes with the letters of the hidden word.
   Some letters of the word are given to help you.
 
   Clues:
 
    1.  The word means “to focus attention on something” and its last letter is at the end of
         “rain.”
         c __ __ __ e __ __ r __ __ __ __ __ (13 letters)
    2.  The word means “pleasing” and its last letters are “able.”
         a __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ (9 letters)
    3.  It means “ being kind by acting for the welfare of others.”
         __ o __ s __ __ __ __ __ __ __ (11 letters)
    4.  It means “self-assured or bold” and its last four letters are the first four letters of
         “dentist.”
         __ o __ __ __ __ __ __ __ (9 letters)
    5.  This is another word for “an associate” and its last syllable rhymes with “league.”
         c __ l __ __ __ __ __ __ (9 letters)
    6.  It means “to deal with or to work hard on something” and it rhymes with “buckle.”
         t __ __ __ __ (5 letters)
    7.  It is another word for “a wavering state of mind or irresolution” and its last syllable  
         rhymes with “conclusion.”
         __ n __ __ c __ __ __ __ __ (10 letters)
 
 
    Groups 3 and 4. Crack-the-Code
                Use the number codes pool below to find the missing words or phrases as hinted
    by the sets of numbers. Each number stands for a missing letter. Put all the letters together
    to find the missing words or phrases.
 
Number Codes Pool
 
                                1=E               6=N             11=V            16=Y
                                2=A               7=S             12=B             17=U
                                3=G               8=L             13=O             18=F
                                4=C               9=M            14=I               19=H
                                5=T               10=D           15=R              20=P
 
    
 
     Group 5. Formulate Questions
               Read the article and form questions out of the given answers on your paper.
     Begin with question words like what, which, why, how, where or who.
     1.  prayer
     2.  strength and progress
     3.  become progressive and improve ourselves
     4.  change and improve myself
     5.  vocational or college degree
     6.  God/Christ
 
     Group 6.   A Class Poll
               Conduct a survey to find out the purposed of the author in writing the article.
 

    

 

     D.  Enrichment: Small Group-Differentiated Activities
 
                  Form groups of seven and do the following:
           Group 1. Tell Me More About....
 
           Read the list of character traits inside the box that follows and pick out the traits         
           displayed by names inside the middle circles.
 
 
           
 
                                     
                      
 
     Note:  Write each trait inside a circle, and read the part of the article which describes each
                traits.
 
     Group 2. Reflect and Project
 
                Reflect on the underlying reasons/causes why Ms. Miriam enclosed a copy of a
     prayer and a letter to each student's diploma, and project the results or effects of such
     action.
 
              
 
     Note: Write your entries inside the spaces provided for.
 
     Group 3. Changes in the Open/Bend and Blend
 
             Suppose you are one of the students of Miss Mirriam, which of the following parts
     lifted from the article will you adopt? Remember to clarify your reasons/ causes for doing
     so as well as their projected results or effects. Write your answers in the spaces provided
     for.
             a.  “I will not try to change or improve anyone but myself.”
             b.  “I will give my best to the world and feel confident that the world will give its best
                  to me.”
             c.  “Do good for we have only one life and we won't be born again.” “I will believe in
                  myself.”
             d.  “I will save myself from two enemies―hurry and indecision.”
             e. “I will do a good turn and keep it a secret.”
 
          
              
               
 
     Group 4. Life and Acts
 
              Choose a part/parts of the article that you feel best exemplify or highlight the
     importance of practicing values for growth and development.
 
    Group 5. Musically Yours
 
              Think/remember and share with your classmates a song or lines from a song which
     reflect the importance of practicing moral values to attain growth and development in life.
 
    Group 6. Let's Try
 
              Think of services you can offer to help other students in your class that are geared
     towards the attainment of sustainable growth and development. Make a list of all these
     possible and practical services and rank them according to their importance. Choose the
     best one and tell about its positive, interesting and negative effects.
 
    Group 7
 
               Since when have you started practicing moral values as your guideposts or
     footpaths for sustainable growth and development in life? Share your experiences with
     your groupmates and choose one which you believe is the most interesting and which you
     would like to share with the other groups. You may begin this way―
  
               Since _________________________________________________________
 
     ___________________________________________________________________
 
     ___________________________________________________________________
 
              The most interesting is when ________________________________________
   
      _______________ because _____________________________________________
 
      __________________ This was caused by _________________________ and it is
 
 
      important to note that it resulted to _______________________________________
 
      ___________________________________________________________________
 
      ___________________________________________________________________
 
      With this I am happy to note that _______________________________________
 
      ________________________________________________________________.
 
      E.  Language Forms in Use
 
            Activity 1. Word Puzzle
 
                    How many sensible sentences can you make with words in this box. You have
            five minutes. (You can use each word more than once.0
 
          
Activity 2
                   Study these sentences based on the entries in Activity 1 and fill in the entries of
          the following table. One example is given
          1.  I hope to see my pilot face to face
          2.  You have a journey to take.
          3.  You are again to learn what others must learn always.
          4.  To keep off envy is easy.
          5.  To develop a creative mind requires patience.
 
         
 
          Abstraction of Details
          1. What is common to all the entries in the first column? What name do we give to to +
               verb?
          2.  How do we call a group of words introduced by to + V and used as integral part of
              a sentence?
          3. Which of these group of words introduced by to + V is used as
              a. subject of a sentence d. object of the preposition, or
              b. subject complement e. appositive?
              c. direct object
 
              Explain.
 
         Activity 3
 
              Complete an excerpt taken from “Ulysses” by Alfred Lord Tennyson by supplying
        the missing infinitives. Use the enclosed words in parentheses as cues.
               “'Tis not too late (1) (seek) a newer world.
               My purpose holds (2) (sail) beyond the sunset and (3) (bathe) of all the western
                         stars until I die.
               Make weak by time and fate (4) (be) strong in will, (5) (strive), (6) (seek), (7)       
                         (find) and not (8) (yield)!
                How dull it is (9) (pause) and (10) (make) an end, (11) (rest) unburnished, not
                          (12) (shine) in use! As though (13) (breathe) in LIFE!”
 
         Activity 4
 
                 Supply an infinitive phrase to complete the following sentences.
         1. ______________ has been my purpose in life.
         2. Moral values have ______________________________________.
         3. Oftentimes we are against _________________________________.
         4. What matter in life is ________________________________ sustainable growth
              and development through education.
         5.  A definite plan _________________________ elevates us to a higher plane.
 
       Activity 5
 
                Form groups of ten and present a talk show focusing on the need to practice values
       for sustainable growth and development. Two members of the group will pose as Korina
       Sanchez and Cito Beltran. Five will be the members of the panel and the remaining ones
       will prepare the questions. Remember to use infinitive/infinitive phrases.
 
     Activity 6. Market Milling – Walk Talk
 
            Walk around your classroom and ask five classmates these questions:
    1. What must you do to become a better person than you are now?
    2. Which of your old habits would you like to change? Why do you like to change them?
 
             Report back to class. Use infinitives/infinitive phrases.
 
     F.  Literature
 
          Teasers
          1.  Have you ever tried to preach or give advice to someone?
          2.  How did you feel before, during and after you have tried to preach or to give
               advice?
 
          Activity 1. Synonym Webs
 
                      Create word webs of synonyms for these three words and establish their
         relationships by using arrows.
 
                 
 
         Activity 2
         1.  Listen to your teacher read the poem and determine what message is being put
              across by the speaker.
         2.  Read the poem and answer the questions at the end of the poem.
 
My Message To You
William Beebe
 
              I cannot preach or advise wise or moral things
              Because of what someone once said in your own eye
              And because as a boy I never took any advice given like a dose of medicine
              If  I were young in years again I still am inside
              I should make me a list of things to do before I die.
              I must go at least once clear around this jolly world
              I can live with savages and in jungles now and then,
              I may learn how they are
 
              I will ride and read and shoot and play
              Study the things and be silent
              And such enthusiasm that every moment of necessary sleep can be a crime
              To live so fully that most people might seem dead on their feet
              To own a magnificent telescope
              And by a frequent use never to forget the humor of my size
              And place and ambitions in the universe
              Finally I will do things all over again
              For I have done them and am still at it, and I know
              For just once I have broken my motto of “Don't tell”
             And now forget everything that I have said and live your own life.
 
       1.  What is the speaker trying to tell us?
       2.  What do you like about his message to you?
       3.  What does Beebe's message show about his character?
       4.  What does he mean by “the motes in your own eye”?
       5.  What does the speaker see and hear that an unimaginable person would miss?
       6.  Explain what the speaker means in “every moment of unnecessary sleep can be a
            crime”.
       7.  Pick out contrasting words in the poem. What is the effect of these contrasts in the
            message of the poem?
       8.  What pictures does your imagination catch from lines nos. 4-13?
       9.  Which of the things the speaker wants to do would you like to do with him?
      10.  Is it enough to have high ideals and good intentions? Why or why not?
      11.  Which lines show the speaker's impatience with daydreamers?
       12.  What does the poem suggest to you about values?
 
        Activity 3 Small Group-Differentiated Activities
               In groups of ten (10), do the following:
 
        Group 1. Counseling a Friend/Fictional Character
               Imagine you are counseling a friend or a fictional character like Lupin who resisted
        practicing moral values. Counsel him about what to do to become a better person.
 
       Group 2. Wildest But Splendid...
               Use your wildest imagination and envision ten moral values that were impossible for
        your group to practice before but can be possible now or the near future.
 
       Group 3. Facing Challenges
              In your teen-age world, you face many kinds of challenges. Give examples
       of these challenges and explain what moral values are needed to meet such
       challenges. Cite a personal experience about one of these challenges.
 
       Group 4. Quickie Talks
              Consider and answer the questions below. Give a minute talk on―
 
                      Is there anything about the present situation of morality in society   
              you would like to change? Why?
 
              How would you go about it?
 
       Note:  Five members of the group will alternately talk about examples of the
                  present situation of morality in society that they would like to change. All
                  the others will prepare the running script for the talk.
 
      Group 5. Plan of Action
 
                  Imagine you are eager to practice what the group has chosen as the
      top three important moral values for sustainable growth and development.
      Write down your strategy or plan of action to accomplish your target. Report
      back to class.
 
      Group 6. A Letter to Beebe
 
                 Talk about what questions you would like to ask Beebe and how you will
       show your appreciation for his message to you. Write them in a form of a letter
       and share it to the class.
 
   G. Writing
 
         Activity 1
                    Pair off and share your ideas about "moral decay." Talk about how you
         feel about it.
 
        Activity 2. Modeling
                    Read "Moral Decay" and discover what is presented by the writer
 
Moral Decay
Paul L. Fuentes
 
                           We Filipinos are very sensible. Look how the recent putsch was
                   lambasted in the newspaper. Letters from the readers swarmed
                   indicating that we cannot tolerate the cowardly and senseless killing of
                   soldiers and civilians, wasted ammunitions, and budding economy
                   again jeopardized. We condemn the former regime, its havoc upon our
                   lives. We condemn graft and corruption, so rampant; we condemn the
                   violation of human rights allegedly committed against the leader of
                   Alliance of Concerned Teachers (ACT); we condemn everything that is
                   foul, inhuman, unjust, impure, indecent.
 
                           But look at the kind of movies and TV programs we go after;
                   display of sex acts—under the guise of art, nude bodies, violent sex,
                   fornication, adultery, vengeance, magical arts, sorcery, myths. Even an
                   ordinary comedy sit-com is rated "Parental Guidance." Is that
                   wholesome entertainment?
 
                           You can glean from the entertainment that we are so crazy about
                   what kind of people we truly are. Instead of censorship, awards were
                   given to this filth.
 
                           The female body has become the hottest and fastest selling
                    commodity, raking millions of profits for the movie industry, print, liquor
                    and wine.
 
                            Every time a sex-oriented movie goes out for showing we are
                    buying our own ticket to moral degradation, anarchy, and even
                    destruction from VD epidemic, like what happened to Majuro Marshall
                    Islandwhere more than one out of ten have VD. Homosexuality is now
                    enjoined in full swing. Love of money just like lust of flesh is insatiable.
                    The chain has already been started; we wonder when it will end and
                    how. Then we aspire for peace and order and goodwill? Are we
                    worthy?
 
                            A poverty-stricken Filipino bombarded with filthy movies, how will
                    he react?
 
                            Concerned Women of the Philippines, Rotary Club, Philippene
                     Alliance of Human Rights Advocates, we appeal to you. Will you
                     remain indifferent?
 
       Activity 3. Let's Talk About ...
 
                    In Groups of ten, answer these questions:
       1.   What is the article about?
       2.   Whose opinions are presented in the article?
       3.   How does the writer present and organize his ideas?
       4.   Make a list of the “wrongs” people condemn and compare them with
             the “wrong” we patronize.
       5.   Does the writer mention positive, interesting and negative values of
             Filipinos? List them.
       6.   Do you agree with the writer when he says that we are indifferent to the present
             situation? Explain.
       7.   Project on the most possible effects of “A poverty-stricken Filipino bombarded with
             filthy movies.” Classify the effect as immediate, short term of long term. Plot your
             entries in the following table.
 
            
 
8.   In what reading material can you possibly find articles like “Moral Decay”? Specify
      which section of the the reading material this can be found
 
           Activity 4. Righting Old Wrongs
 
                In “Moral Decay” the writer mentions a number of “wrongs” that he wants to see
          ended. Can this be possible? What do we need to do to make it happen? Suggest
          ways. (Retain the same groupings)
                Reconvene and rank your solutions according to their order of importance.
 
         Activity 5. Expressing Viewpoints
 
                 Your duty as a good citizen is to realize the part you can play in making this world
         a better place to live in and to accept this significant role wholeheartedly. Answer the
         call and do your share by writing an editorial clarifying your viewpoints on how to
         achieve sustainable growth and development through bringing back the practice of
         moral values among us, Filipinos. Present the ideas you have shared in Activity 4.
         Include supporting facts, reasons, examples, observations, explanations and
         recommendations for taking action. End up with a conclusion that will urge others to
         join your crusade.
 
 
         Activity 6. Revising and Editing (Dyad)
 
                 Exchange your editorial/personal essay with partner. Ask for suggestions to enrich
         the content and improve the style, grammar, spelling, etc.
 
        Activity 7. Polishing
 
                 Rewrite your essay incorporating suggestions and necessary changes Present a
        clear, clean copy of your work.
 
   G.  Closure Looking Back
 
                  Reflect and answer the following questions:
         1. What was the best thing about this lesson?
         2. What did I find
              a. most interesting?
              b. most memorable?
              c. most convincing?
              d. most practical?
 
         3. Which activity changed the way you felt about moral values for sustainable growth
              and development?
         4. Which part of the lessons affected you most strongly?
         5. What aspects of the lesson would you like to learn more about? Why?
 
 IV.  ASSIGNMENT
 
              How do people react to change? Conduct interviews with your most trusted friends
        and/or relatives and ask them to explain why there are some people who don't like to
        change their “old ways” of doing things most especially their “wrong.” Report back to
        class.
 
 

 

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