The Philippines' National Book Development Board (Filipino: Pambansang Lupon sa Pagpapaunlad ng Aklat), abbreviated as NBDB, is an agency of the Philippine government under the Department of Education responsible for developing and supporting the Philippine book publishing industry.
ENGLISH 3 Quarter 4 Week 2: Earth-Shaking Events
Determine the correct word of a given meaning
Summarize a news story
Determine the root word and affixes of a word
Discover literature as a means of expressing one's talent or interest
What earth-shaking event took place on Sept. 11, 2001?
Who was believed to have done it?
How did people all over the world react to this earth-shaking event?
Listening textThe September 11, 2001 attack on the symbol of America's military might and economic strength killed thousands of innocent people. The incident captured worldwide attention since many thought that America was not vulnerable to any form of attack. An interview was conducted asking how they feel after the horrific attack.Speaker A: Let's not allow this to happen again. Theyshould pay for what they had done.Speaker B: To see how those people were desperatethat they felt that the only way they couldescape was to jump from the 90th floorwas terrifying. Shall we just sit back andaccept everything? An eye for an eye anda tooth for a tooth.Speaker C: At first, I was so angry. I was thinking theyshould be bombed. But after I thoughtabout it, I didn't know what kind of problemthat would solve. If we kill many people,that would make us no better people thanthey are.Speaker D: It was senseless and all that anyone coulddo was sit and watch. But, I don't think weshould go and bomb them because theywe're being as
coward as they are, and it's like whatmonkey see, monkey do.Speaker E: It's scary. We're not going to be the samecountry after this. This is the day New Yorkdied. The war is on.Speaker F: Helpless. But helpless is not a wordAmericans like to apply to themselves.America's sense of who we are has beenchallenged in a very serious way. We're notgoing to give them satisfaction. We have tofight back.Speaker G: We can be strong, calm and goodAmericans. We can recover. Disaster cannever pull people together. We will showthe world that we will pass this act. Theaction we take will be that of our leaders.We will support them.Speaker H: Our illusion of invincibility, security, power,self-sufficiency, was shattered. The seriesof events reminded us of our humility — ourinability to control events. We becameaware of our need to pray. Let God takecare of everything.
What does NASA stand for?
What does NASA do?
What was the most recent space disaster that the U.S. had?
What earth-shaking event took place, in New York, U.S.A. last September 11, 2001?
What space travel disaster did the U.S. had recently?
Space beyond the extreme limits of the earth's atmosphere
A vehicle designed for research, exploration of travel in outer space
Hot or warm
One who travels in space
A guided object discharged to a specific location
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
What earth-shaking event took place last February 2, 2003 in the United States?
Read the selection. While reading, take note of the facts so that you can answer the 5 W's and H from the organizer below
[Discuss the 5 W's and H organizer with the class.]
Get a partner. Discuss what happened to the Columbia space shuttle. What are the possible causes of the accident? What are its effects?
Compare your chart with another pair. [Take up the chart with the whole class].
What could have been done to prevent the disaster?
What would be its effect on the U.S. Space program?
If you were a family member of one of the astronauts, how would you feel?What would you have done?
Pretend that you are a newscaster reporting the incident that happened to Columbia space shuttle.
Create a scenario that could have taken place 16 minutes before Columbia was expected to touch down on earth.
What was strange about Kreton's arrival, his appearance, manners and speech?
How did he describe earth? Men on earth?
What information did he reveal?
Fiery End for Shuttle
The deaths of shuttle commander Rick Husband, Michael Anderson, David Brown, Kalpana Chawla, Laurel Clark, William McCool and Ilan Ramon brought renewed grief to the Americans, already anxious about terrorism in the wake of Sept. 11 and the looming war against Iraq.
The tragedy struck almost 17 years to the day when the Challenger space shuttel exploded on Jan. 28, 1986, killing all seven aboard.
NASA appointed an independent commission to investigate, but official made clear early that there was no sign of terrorism – the shuttle was out of range of any surface-to-missile, they said.
The age of the Columbia, NASA's oldest shuttle launched in 1981, was cited as a cause of concern. It was on its 28th mission, and reports emerged yesterday that NASA had considered retiring it in 2001.
Problems during re-entry seemed the most likely cause for the tragedy. Take off and re-entry into the earth's atmosphere are the most dangerous parts of a space mission. But in 42 years of US manned space flight, there had never been an accident during a descent or landing.
The initial focus of investigation has turned to a piece of insulating foam on the shuttle's external fuel tank, which came loose shortly after lift-off on Jan. 16 and was believed to have hit the left wing of the shuttle. NASA officials judged then that the damage was minor and had not affected the spacecraft's critical heat shield.
The shuttle has more than 20,000 thermal tiles made of a carbon composite. Loose, damaged or missing tiles can alter the aircraft's aerodynamics and allow heat to warp or melt its aluminum frame. This could cause nearby tiles to peel off in a chain reaction.Too many tiles lost in critical spots could give rise to overheating.In Columbia's case, the shuttle broke up while being exposed to maximum heat of 1,648 degree Celsius on the edge of its wings while traveling at 18 times the speed of sound.Television footage showed a bright light followed by white smoke plums streaking diagonally across the clear sky. Debris appeared to break off into separate balls of light as it continued downward.Here is NASA's account of what happened 16 minutes before touchdown.8:08 a.m. Saturday(9:08 pm Philippine time, Saturday)NASA Mission Control in Houston gives the Columbia Space Shuttle the OK to come home. Mission Commander Rick Husband acknowledges the message.8:53 a.m.First hint of trouble: Mission Control engineers notice that temperature sensors in the shuttle's left wing are no longer sending data.8:56 a.m.Now, no signals from temperature sensors in the left main landing gear. Houston sends an electronic screen message to the crew and the message is acknowledged. Houston continues routine landing reports, noting that the shuttle is crossing the New Mexico-Texas border at an altitude of more than 60 km and a speed of 21,000km. There is a muffled blurt on the radio from the crew. Then, nothing.8:59 a.m.Houston calls the crew: "Columbia, Houston. We see your high pressure messages and we did not copy your last."
Commander Husband: “Roger, uh, buh..” His last message is not finished.9 a.m.“That was when we lost all vehicle data. That's when we began to know that we had a bad day,” said Milt Heflin, chief flight director.9:06 a.m.Over Texas: Eyewitnesses hear deafening booms and see flaming pieces of metal shooting through the blue sky.9:16 a.m.At the Florida landing strip: No sign of the Columbia.
Write a sequel to the play.
Choose a part of the play and act it out.
Write the lyrics to the tune of any song that you know that will be appropriate to the theme of the play.
Make an attractive illustration for a VCD of the play.
Presentation of the groups' output.
If you were asked to do a research on UFOs or aliens, what specific questions would you ask?
On what topics would you like to do research on?
Visit to a Small Planet
Kreton Roger Spelding
Mrs. Spelding Ellen Spelding
Paul Laurent General Powers
John Second Visitor from Outer Space
about UFOs. His wife, daughter, and son talk to him about
the possibility of any form of life thriving in other planets. As
they do so they see something fall from the sky — a spaceship.
Spelding: I'm going to call the police... the army
Ellen: What makes it shine so?
John: I don't know but I'm going to find out. (Runs off toward the light)
Ellen: It's opening... the whole side's opening! (Shouts)
John! Come back! Quick...
much much better. I'm sure if we ask him, he'll move
that thing for us. Roger, you ask him.
Spelding: (ominously) If it's really a man.
Ellen: John's shaking hands with him (Calls) John
darling, come on in here...
Mrs. Spelding: And bring your friend...
Spelding: There's something wrong with the way that
creature looks... if it is a man and not a ... not a monster.
Mrs. Spelding: He looks perfectly nice to me.
(JOHN and the VISITOR appear. The VISITOR is in
his forties, a mild, pleasant-looking man with
side-whiskers and dressed in the fashion of 1860.
He pauses when he sees the three people, in silence
for a moment. They stare back at him, equally interested.)
pleasure this is... Mister...
Spelding: Where are you from, Mr. Kreton?
Visitor: (evasively) Another place.
Spelding: On this earth, of course.
Kreton: No, not on this planet.
Ellen: Are you from Mars?
Kreton: Oh, dear no, not Mars. There's nobody on Mars...
at least no one I know.
Ellen: Why did you come here?
Kreton: Simply a visit to your small planet. I've been studying it for
years. In fact, one might say, you people are my hobby,
especially during this period of your development.
(GENERAL POWERS, a vigorous product of the National
Guard and his AIDE enter.)
Powers: All right, folks. The place is surrounded by troops.
Where is the monster?
Kreton: I, my dear General, am the monster.
Powers: Roger, who is this joker?
Spelding: This is Mr. Kreton, General Power. Mr. Kreton arrived
in that thing outside. He is from another planet.
Powers: I don't believe it. (To AIDE) Captain, go down and look at that
ship. But be careful. Don't touch anything. And don't let anybody
else near it. (AIDE goes) So, you're from another planet.
Powers: All right, which planet?
Kreton: None that you have ever heard of.
Powers: Look, Buster, I don't want to play games. I just want to know
where you're from. The law requires it.
Kreton: It's possible that I could explain it to a mathematician but
I'm afraid I couldn't explain it to you, not for another five hundred
years and by then of course you'd be dead because you people do die.
Kreton: Poor fragile butterflies, such brief little moments in the sun...
You see, we don't die.
Powers: You'll die all right if it turns out you're a spy or a hostile alien.
(AIDE returns; he looks disturbed)
Powers: What did you find?
AIDE: I'm not sure, General.
Powers: (heavily) Then do you best to describe what the object is like.
AIDE: Well, it's elliptical, with a fourteen-foot diameter. And it's made
of an unknown metal which shines and inside there isn't anything.
Powers: (To Kreton) What did you do with your instrument on board?
Kreton: With my what? I don't have one.
(Kreton sits down comfortably beside the globe,
which he twirls thoughtfully)
Powers: Are you deliberately trying to confuse me?
Kreton: Not deliberately, no.
Powers: We have gone over and over this for two hours now
and all that you've told me is that you're from another
planet in another solar system...
Kreton: In another dimension. I think that's the word you use.
Powers: For all I know, you are a spy, sent here by an alien race
to study us, preparatory to invasion.
Kreton: Oh, none of my people would dream of invading you.
Spelding: We are afraid that you represent a hostile race.
Kreton: And I have assured General Powers that my people are
not hostile. Except for me, no one is interested in this
planet's present stage. You see I've come here to take charge.
Powers: This is ridiculous. How can one man take over the world? Grab him!
(Powers and AIDE rush toward Kreton but within a foot
Kreton:You can't touch me, That's part of the game, (he yawns)
Now, if you don't mind, I shall go up to my room for a little
lie-down. (He goes as all fade out.)
(In Kreton's bedroom next morning. He lies fully clothed in bed
with a cat on his lap.)
Kreton: How beautiful! (Examines bacon) delicious, but I'm afraid
my stomach is not like yours, if you'll pardon me. I don't eat.
(Removes pill from his pocket and swallows it)
This is all I need for the day.
Ellen: How do you plan to conquer the world?
Kreton: I confess I'm not sure. I suppose I must make some
demonstration of strength, some colorful trick that will
frighten everyone... though, I much prefer taking charge quietly.
(The door opens and Paul Laurent, middle-aged man
and serene, enters, Powers and his AIDE stand at attention.
Kreton goes forward to shake hands.)
Laurent: Mr. Kreton?
Kreton: At your service, Mr. Laurent.
Laurent: I welcome you to this planet in the name of the World Council.
Kreton: Thank you, Sir, thank you.
Laurent: Now, Mr. Kreton, in violation of all the rules of diplomacy,
may I come to the point?
Kreton: You may.
Laurent: Why are you here?
Kreton: Curiosity. Pleasure.
Laurent: You are a tourist then in this time and place?
Kreton: (nods) Yes. Very well put.
Laurent: We have been informed that you have extraordinary powers
Kreton: By your standards, yes, they seem extraordinary.
Laurent: We have also been informed that it is your intention to...
to take charge of this world.
Kreton: That is correct... What a remarkable mind you have!
I have difficulty looking inside it.
Powers: This gentleman is going to run everything?
Laurent: Yes, General, do you realize what this means? We can
have one government... No more countries. No more wars...
Kreton: (startled) What? Oh, but I like a lot of countries. Besides,
at this stage of your development you're supposed to have
lots of countries and lots of wars.
Laurent: But you can help us change all that.
Kreton: Change all that! My dear Sir, I am your friend.
Kreton: Why, your deepest pleasure is violence.
Laurent: But our lives are devoted to controlling violence and not creating it.
Kreton: Now, don't take me for an utter fool. After all, I can see
into your minds. My dear fellow, don't you know what are you?
Laurent: What are we?
Kreton: You are savages. I have returned to the dark ages of an
insignificant planet simply because I want the glorious excitement
of being among you and reveling in your savagery! There is murder
in all your heart and I love it! It intoxicates me!
Laurent: You have no wish then to... to help us poor savages.
Kreton: I couldn't even if I wanted to. You won't be civilized for at least
two thousand years and you won't reach the level of my people
for about a million years.
Laurent: I don't know what to say. You obviously have the power to do
Kreton: A nuclear war! I want one of your really splended wars, with all the
trimmings, all the noise and the fire.
Laurent: A nuclear war! You are joking. Why, at this moment we are working
as hard as we know how not to have a war.
Kreton: Actually, you are destructive. You are inventing many things that
will eventually cause your destruction.
John: (at window) Hey, look, up there! Coming this way!
(Ellen joins him.)
John: Why... it's another one! And it's going to land.
Kreton: (surprised) I'm sure you're mistaken. No one would dream
of coming here.
(He has gone to the window, too.)
Ellen: It's landing!
(Kreton retreats to the study; he inadvertently drops a lace
John: Here he comes.
Ellen: (Suddenly bitter) Now we have two of them.
(The new visitor enters in a gleam of light. He is wearing
a most futuristic costume. Without a word, he walks past
the awed family into the study. Kreton is cowering behind the
globe. Powers and the AIDE stare, bewildered.)
Visitor: You don't need to speak. I now what you will say.
Ellen: That you have no right here? That you mustn't...
Visitor: I agree. Kreton has no right here. He is well aware that it is forbidden
to interfere with the past.
Ellen: The past?
Visitor: (Nods) You are the past, the dark ages. We are from the future.
In fact, we are your descendants on another planet. We visit you
from time to time but we never interfere because it would change
us if we did. Fortunately, I have arrived in time.
There will be no war. And there will be no memory of any of this.
When we leave here you will forget Kreton and me. Time will turn
back to the moment before his arrival.
Kreton: (Heart-broken) Oh, but I didn't! I only wanted to have... well,
to have a little fun, to induge my hobby... against the rules, of course.
Visitor: (To Ellen) Kreton is a rarity among us. Mentally and morally he is
retarded. He is a child and he regards your period as a toy. He escaped
from his nursery and came back in time to you... We must go, Kreton.
Ellen: What is the future like?
Visitor: Very serene, very different.
Kreton: Don't believe him. It is dull, dull, dull beyond belief!
One simply floats through eternity; no wars, no excitement...
Visitor: It is forbidden to discuss these matters.
Kreton: I can't see what difference it makes since she's going to
forget all about us anyway...
Ellen: Oh, how I'd love to see the future...
When we choose a topic for research, we read several references. We can include these references in our bibliography.
What is a bibliography? What information does it contain?
Write the following references as correct bibliographical entries.
What are the things that you would consider in choosing a topic for research?First, consider your interest in the topic. Remember that you will spend a lot of time doing it.Second, consider the availability of materials. Be sure that your library has available materialsfor your topics.
- [Do the exercise on the board with the class].
The United States was plunged into another day of mourning for the loss of Columbia. However, (it, we) will continue with the search for the answers for the disintegration of the space shuttle.
I saw it coming across the sky bright and shiny. (I, We) thought it was the sun shining off an airplane.
World leaders telephoned Pres. Bush to express their sympathies. (We, They) urged him not to let up its quest to explore space.
U.S. government should not be discouraged to continue its space exploration. (You, It) should continue to journey into space.
The astronauts did not die in vain. (We, They) should be honored for what they had done.
I believe that the tragedy struck for a reason but _____.
I don't think that the terrorists had anything to do with the tragedy because _______.
An astronaut had to undergo rigid training before sending him to outer space, otherwise _______.
India paid homage to Kalpra Chawla for ________.
U.S. government will never give up searching for the answers to the tragedy until______.
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