ENGLISH 3 Quarter 4 Week 2: Earth-Shaking Events

Subject: English
  |  Educational level: Year III

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Week 2: Earth-Shaking Events
A.  Listening
      Listen to determine feelings/reactions
B.  Speaking
      Express one's opinions/reactions on a given topic
C. Reading
  1. Determine the correct word of a given meaning
  2. Summarize a news story
D. Grammar
     Observe consistency in expressing a point of view
E. Writing
     Narrow down topics for research
F. Literature
  1. Determine the root word and affixes of a word
  2. Discover literature as a means of expressing one's talent or interest
    A. Listening:   "The September 11, 2001 Attack"
                            Condensed from "A Generation Horror"
                            Fair Fax, Sept. 20, 2001
    B. Reading:    An excerpt from "Fiery End for Shuttle"
                            The Strait Times, February 3, 2003
    C. Grammar Form:   Consistency of Point of View
                     Function:   Responding Personally to a Selection
                                       Avenues in English III
    D. Writing:      Delimiting Topics for Research
                            Communication Values in English,
                            Corazon Dadufalsa
    E. Literature:  "Visit to a Small Planet,"
                            English III, pp. 73-78
Day 1
A.  Previewing
      [Ask the class: What is meant by earth-shaking events? Group students.
      Present the structure of a word web. Explain what it is.]
            Brainstorm on earth-shaking events and come up with a word web.
     [Ask two groups to write their word web on the board. Compare the
     answers  of the groups].
B.  Tasks
Task 1
[Ask the class the following questions.]
  1. What earth-shaking event took place on Sept. 11, 2001?
  2. Who was believed to have done it?
  3. How did people all over the world react to this earth-shaking event?
Task 2
[Read the text the first time. Ask the class to just listen. Before you read the text the second time, show the grid to the class.]
      Listen to the interview again to fill in the grid with the feelings/reactions of each interviewee. Check under the appropriate column whether the speaker is in favor or against getting back at the terrorists.
Listening text
       The September 11, 2001 attack on the symbol of America's military might and economic strength killed thousands of innocent people. The incident captured worldwide attention since many thought that America was not vulnerable to any form of attack. An interview was conducted asking how they feel after the horrific attack.
       Speaker A:   Let's not allow this to happen again. They 
                              should pay for what they had done.
       Speaker B:  To see how those people were desperate
                              that they felt that the only way they could
                              escape was to jump from the 90th floor
                              was terrifying. Shall we just sit back and
                              accept everything? An eye for an eye and
                              a tooth for a tooth.
        Speaker C:  At first, I was so angry. I was thinking they
                              should be bombed. But after I thought
                              about it, I didn't know what kind of problem
                              that would solve. If we kill many people,
                              that would make us no better people than
                              they are.
        Speaker D:  It was senseless and all that anyone could
                              do was sit and watch. But, I don't think we
                              should go and bomb them because they
                              we're being as
                             coward as they are, and it's like what
                             monkey see, monkey do.
       Speaker E:  It's scary. We're not going to be the same  
                             country after this. This is the day New York
                             died. The war is on.
       Speaker F:  Helpless. But helpless is not a word
                            Americans like to apply to themselves.
                            America's sense of who we are has been
                            challenged in a very serious way. We're not
                            going to give them satisfaction. We have to
                            fight back.
      Speaker G:  We can be strong, calm and good
                            Americans. We can recover. Disaster can
                            never pull people together. We will show
                            the world that we will pass this act. The
                            action we take will be that of our leaders.
                            We will support them.
     Speaker H:  Our illusion of invincibility, security, power,
                           self-sufficiency, was shattered. The series
                           of events reminded us of our humility — our
                           inability to control events. We became
                           aware of our need to pray. Let God take
                           care of everything.
Task 3
       1.  Compare your grid with that of your seat mate.
[Follow this up with cooperative checking with the whole class.]
       2.  Why do you think there are two types of reactions to the incidents? What
            are  the possible explanations for these differences?
       3.  Whose stand would you take? Give your reasons.
Task 4
[Take up briefly the elements of a debate with the class. Form two (2) groups each for pro and con on the issue.]
C. Closure
[Take up briefly the elements of a debate with the class. Form two groups each for pro and con on the topic: "Our government must take up arms against acts of terrorism in Mindanao."]
      1.  What problem does the government have on Mindanao?
      2 .  Do you think the government is handling the problem properly? In your
            opinion, how can we best address the problem?
D. Assignment
  1. What does NASA stand for?
  2. What does NASA do?
  3. What was the most recent space disaster that the U.S. had?
Day 2
A.  Recapitulation
  1. What earth-shaking event took place, in New York, U.S.A. last September 11, 2001?
  2. What space travel disaster did the U.S. had recently?

B. Tasks

Task 1     Sharing on Assigned Task
[Ask the class to exchange information on NASA.]
Task 2     Word Search
        Hidden among the letters below are six words which are found in the
        selection. Copy each of these words on your paper as you find them. Their
        meanings are given below.
  1. Space beyond the extreme limits of the earth's atmosphere
  2. A vehicle designed for research, exploration of travel in outer space
  3. Hot or warm
  4. One who travels in space
  5. A guided object discharged to a specific location
  6. National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Task 3
  1. What earth-shaking event took place last February 2, 2003 in the United States?
  2. Read the selection. While reading, take note of the facts so that you can answer the 5 W's and H from the organizer below


                [Discuss the 5 W's and H organizer with the class.]

Task 4
  1. Get a partner. Discuss what happened to the Columbia space shuttle. What are the possible causes of the accident? What are its effects?
  1. Compare your chart with another pair. [Take up the chart with the whole class].
  2. What could have been done to prevent the disaster?
  3. What would be its effect on the U.S. Space program?
  4. If you were a family member of one of the astronauts, how would you feel?
    What would you have done?
C.  Closure
[Maybe done in pairs or small groups]
  1. Pretend that you are a newscaster reporting the incident that happened to Columbia space shuttle.
  2. Create a scenario that could have taken place 16 minutes before Columbia was expected to touch down on earth.
D.  Assignment
           Summarize the news story based on the 5 W's and H organizer you
      made. Give a title to your news story. Record your name on the byline and
      the date and place of origin on the dateline. If you can, make an illustration
      to accompany the article.
           Is the landing of a UFO an earth-shaking event? Why? Read “Visit to a
      Small Planet” and answer the following questions.
  1. What was strange about Kreton's arrival, his appearance, manners and speech?
  2. How did he describe earth? Men on earth?
  3. What information did he reveal?

                                        Fiery End for Shuttle

       The deaths of shuttle commander Rick Husband, Michael Anderson, David Brown, Kalpana Chawla, Laurel Clark, William McCool and Ilan Ramon brought renewed grief to the Americans, already anxious about terrorism in the wake of Sept. 11 and the looming war against Iraq.
       The tragedy struck almost 17 years to the day when the Challenger space shuttel exploded on Jan. 28, 1986, killing all seven aboard.
       NASA appointed an independent commission to investigate, but official made clear early that there was no sign of terrorism – the shuttle was out of range of any surface-to-missile, they said.
       The age of the Columbia, NASA's oldest shuttle launched in 1981, was cited as a cause of concern. It was on its 28th mission, and reports emerged yesterday that NASA had considered retiring it in 2001.
       Problems during re-entry seemed the most likely cause for the tragedy. Take off and re-entry into the earth's atmosphere are the most dangerous parts of a space mission. But in 42 years of US manned space flight, there had never been an accident during a descent or landing.
       The initial focus of investigation has turned to a piece of insulating foam on the shuttle's external fuel tank, which came loose shortly after lift-off on Jan. 16 and was believed to have hit the left wing of the shuttle. NASA officials judged then that the damage was minor and had not affected the spacecraft's critical heat shield.


       The shuttle has more than 20,000 thermal tiles made of a carbon composite. Loose, damaged or missing tiles can alter the aircraft's aerodynamics and allow heat to warp or melt its aluminum frame. This could cause nearby tiles to peel off in a chain reaction.
       Too many tiles lost in critical spots could give rise to overheating.
       In Columbia's case, the shuttle broke up while being exposed to maximum heat of 1,648 degree Celsius on the edge of its wings while traveling at 18 times the speed of sound.
       Television footage showed a bright light followed by white smoke plums streaking diagonally across the clear sky. Debris appeared to break off into separate balls of light as it continued downward.
       Here is NASA's account of what happened 16 minutes before touchdown.
8:08 a.m. Saturday
(9:08 pm Philippine time, Saturday)
       NASA Mission Control in Houston gives the Columbia Space Shuttle the OK to come home. Mission Commander Rick Husband acknowledges the message.
8:53 a.m.
      First hint of trouble: Mission Control engineers notice that temperature sensors in the shuttle's left wing are no longer sending data.
8:56 a.m.
       Now, no signals from temperature sensors in the left main landing gear. Houston sends an electronic screen message to the crew and the message is acknowledged. Houston continues routine landing reports, noting that the shuttle is crossing the New Mexico-Texas border at an altitude of more than 60 km and a speed of 21,000km. There is a muffled blurt on the radio from the crew. Then, nothing.
8:59 a.m.
       Houston calls the crew: "Columbia, Houston. We see your high pressure messages and we did not copy your last."
Commander Husband: “Roger, uh, buh..” His last message is not finished.
9 a.m.
       “That was when we lost all vehicle data. That's when we began to know that we had a bad day,” said Milt Heflin, chief flight director.
9:06 a.m.
       Over Texas: Eyewitnesses hear deafening booms and see flaming pieces of metal shooting through the blue sky.
9:16 a.m.
       At the Florida landing strip: No sign of the Columbia.
Day 3 Literature
A.  Recapitulation
        What do you think is the US's purpose in exploring the space? Do you think there are people in other planets? What would you do if they visit earth?
B. Tasks
Task 1     Sharing on the Assigned Task
[Ask two (2) students to read their summaries to the class. Ask for comments/suggestions.]
Task 2     Vocabulary Development
        Pick out the root words and affixes of the following words found in the selection. Determine the affix marks as a noun, an adjective or an adverb.
       1. remarkable                  5. civilized
       2. insignificant                 6. obviously
       3. excellent                       7. violation
       4. savegary                      8. perfectly
Task 3
       1.  Motivation
            a.   What would you do when you see a UFO with an alien emerging
                  from it?
            b.  What did the author make use of to show that Mr. Kreton is not from
                 planet  earth?      
            c.   Why did Mr. Kreton visit earth?    
       2.  Discussion
           a. Describe how the following reacted to Mr. Kreton.
  • John
  • Mr. Spelding
  • General Powers
  • Mr. Laurent
          b. What did the author want to tell us?

C. Closure
[Group the students according to their interests.]
  1. Write a sequel to the play.
  2. Choose a part of the play and act it out.
  3. Write the lyrics to the tune of any song that you know that will be appropriate to the theme of the play.
  4. Make an attractive illustration for a VCD of the play.
  5. Presentation of the groups' output.
 D. Assignment
  1. If you were asked to do a research on UFOs or aliens, what specific questions would you ask?
  2. On what topics would you like to do research on?

                                           Visit to a Small Planet  

                                         Kreton                      Roger Spelding
                                         Mrs. Spelding            Ellen Spelding
                                         Paul Laurent              General Powers
                                         John                          Second Visitor from Outer Space 

                                                 Roger Spelding has just concluded his TV broadcast
                                        about UFOs. His wife, daughter, and son talk to him about
                                        the possibility of any form of life thriving in other planets. As
                                        they do so they see  something fall from the sky — a spaceship.
        John:                  It's landing!
I'm going to call the police... the army
What makes it shine so?
I don't know but I'm going to find out. (Runs off toward the light)
It's opening... the whole side's opening! (Shouts)
John! Come back! Quick...      
      Mrs. Spelding:      Why, there's a man getting out of it. (sighs) I feel
                                   much much better. I'm sure if we ask him, he'll move
                                   that thing for us. Roger, you ask him.
      Spelding:              (ominously) If it's really a man.
      Ellen:                   John's shaking hands with him (Calls) John
                                  darling, come on in here...
      Mrs. Spelding:      And bring your friend...
      Spelding:              There's something wrong with the way that
                                   creature looks... if it is a man and not a ... not a monster.
      Mrs. Spelding:      He looks perfectly nice to me.

                                  (JOHN and the VISITOR appear. The VISITOR is in
                                  his forties, a mild, pleasant-looking man with
                                  side-whiskers and dressed in the fashion of 1860.  
                                  He  pauses when he sees the three people, in silence
                                  for a moment. They stare back at him, equally interested.)

       Spelding:           My dear, sir, come in. I don't need to tell you what a
                                 pleasure this is... Mister...
Where are you from, Mr. Kreton?
(evasively) Another place.
On this earth, of course.
     No, not on this planet.
         Are you from Mars?
Oh, dear no, not Mars. There's nobody on Mars...
                                at least no one I know.
        Why did you come here?
     Simply a visit to your small planet. I've been studying it for
                                 years. In fact, one might say, you people are my hobby,
                                especially during this period of your development.

                                (GENERAL POWERS, a vigorous product of the National
                                Guard and his AIDE enter.)

       Powers:             All right, folks. The place is surrounded by troops.
                                 Where is the monster?
I, my dear General, am the monster.
      Roger, who is this joker?
   This is Mr. Kreton, General Power. Mr. Kreton arrived
                                 in that thing outside. He is from another planet.
     I don't believe it. (To AIDE) Captain, go down and look at that
                                 ship. But be careful. Don't touch anything. And don't let anybody
                                 else near it. (AIDE goes) So, you're from another planet.
    All right, which planet?
     None that you have ever heard of.
    Look, Buster, I don't want to play games. I just want to know
                                where you're from. The law requires it.
     It's possible that I could explain it to a mathematician but
                                I'm afraid I couldn't explain it to you, not for another five hundred
                               years and by then of course you'd be dead because you people do die.
    Poor fragile butterflies, such brief little moments in the sun...
                               You see, we don't die.
   You'll die all right if it turns out you're a spy or a hostile alien.

                                (AIDE returns; he looks disturbed)

       Powers:            What did you find?
         I'm not sure, General.
       (heavily) Then do you best to describe what the object is like.
         Well, it's elliptical, with a fourteen-foot diameter. And it's made
                                 of an unknown metal which shines and inside there isn't anything.
      (To Kreton) What did you do with your instrument on board?
       With my what? I don't have one.

                                 (Kreton sits down comfortably beside the globe,
                                  which he twirls thoughtfully)
       Are you deliberately trying to confuse me?
       Not deliberately, no.
       We have gone over and over this for two hours now
                                  and all that you've told me is that you're from another
                                  planet in another solar system...
     In another dimension. I think that's the word you use.
     For all I know, you are a spy, sent here by an alien race
                           to study us, preparatory to invasion.
     Oh, none of my people would dream of invading you.
   We are afraid that you represent a hostile race.
     And I have assured General Powers that my people are
                                   not hostile. Except for me, no one is interested in this
                                   planet's present stage. You see I've come here to take charge.
  This is ridiculous. How can one man take over the world? Grab him!

                                   (Powers and AIDE rush toward Kreton but within a foot

                                   of him, they stop, stunned.)


      You can't touch me, That's part of the game, (he yawns)
                                   Now, if you don't mind, I shall go up to my room for a little
                                   lie-down. (He goes as all fade out.)

                                   (In Kreton's bedroom next morning. He lies fully clothed in bed
                                    with a cat on his lap.)

        Ellen:                  (enters) Good morning. I brought you your breakfast.
        How beautiful! (Examines bacon) delicious, but I'm afraid
                                    my stomach is not like yours, if you'll pardon me. I don't eat.

                                   (Removes pill from his pocket and swallows it)
                                   This is all I need for the day.

        Ellen:                  How do you plan to conquer the world?
        I confess I'm not sure. I suppose I must make some
                                   demonstration of strength, some colorful trick that will
                                    frighten everyone... though, I much prefer taking charge quietly.

                                    (The door opens and Paul Laurent, middle-aged man
                                    and serene, enters, Powers and his AIDE stand at attention.
                                    Kreton goes forward to shake hands.)

Mr. Kreton?
       At your service, Mr. Laurent.
      I welcome you to this planet in the name of the World Council.
       Thank you, Sir, thank you.
      Now, Mr. Kreton, in violation of all the rules of diplomacy,
                                   may I come to the point?
       You may.
     Why are you here?
       Curiosity. Pleasure.
    You are a tourist then in this time and place?
     (nods) Yes. Very well put.
   We have been informed that you have extraordinary powers
     By your standards, yes, they seem extraordinary.
   We have also been informed that it is your intention to...
                                  to take charge of this world.
     That is correct... What a remarkable mind you have!
                                  I have difficulty looking inside it.
   This gentleman is going to run everything?
  Yes, General, do you realize what this means? We can
                                  have one government... No more countries. No more wars...
    (startled) What? Oh, but I like a lot of countries. Besides,
                                  at this stage of your development you're supposed to have
                                  lots of countries and lots of wars.
      But you can help us change all that.
     Change all that! My dear Sir, I am your friend.

         Laurent:            What do you mean?
         Kreton:             Why, your deepest pleasure is violence.
         Laurent:             But our lives are devoted to controlling violence and not creating it.
         Kreton:              Now, don't take me for an utter fool. After all, I can see
                                    into your minds. My dear fellow, don't you know what are you?
          Laurent:           What are we?
          Kreton:             You are savages. I have returned to the dark ages of an
                                    insignificant planet simply because I want the glorious excitement
                                    of being among you and reveling in your savagery! There is murder
                                    in all your heart and I love it! It intoxicates me!
          Laurent:           You have no wish then to... to help us poor savages.
          Kreton:             I couldn't even if I wanted to. You won't be civilized for at least
                                    two thousand years and you won't reach the level of my people
                                    for about a million years.
           Laurent:           I don't know what to say. You obviously have the power to do
                                   as you please.
           Kreton:            A nuclear war! I want one of your really splended wars, with all the
                                   trimmings, all the noise and the fire.
           Laurent:          A nuclear war! You are joking. Why, at this moment we are working
                                  as hard as we know how not to have a war.
           Kreton:           Actually, you are destructive. You are inventing many things that
                                  will eventually cause your destruction.
           John:             (at window) Hey, look, up there! Coming this way!

                                 (Ellen joins him.)

           Ellen:             What is it?
           John:             Why... it's another one! And it's going to land.
           Kreton:          (surprised) I'm sure you're mistaken. No one would dream
                                 of coming here.

                                  (He has gone to the window, too.)

           Ellen:             It's landing!

                                (Kreton retreats to the study; he inadvertently drops a lace

                                handkerchief beside the sofa.)

          John:             Here he comes.
          Ellen:            (Suddenly bitter) Now we have two of them.

                               (The new visitor enters in a gleam of light. He is wearing
                              a most futuristic costume. Without a word, he walks past
                              the awed family into the study. Kreton is cowering behind the
                              globe. Powers and the AIDE stare, bewildered.)

          Visitor:        You don't need to speak. I now what you will say.
          Ellen:           That you have no right here? That you mustn't...
          Visitor:         I agree. Kreton has no right here. He is well aware that it is forbidden
                               to interfere with the past.
          Ellen:           The past?
          Visitor:        (Nods) You are the past, the dark ages. We are from the future.
                               In fact, we are your descendants on another planet.  We visit you
                               from time to time but we never interfere because it would change
                               us if we did. Fortunately, I have arrived in time.
                               There will be no war. And there will be no memory of any of this.
                               When we leave here you will forget Kreton and me. Time will turn
                               back to the moment before his arrival.
          Kreton:        (Heart-broken) Oh, but I didn't! I only wanted to have... well,
                               to have a little fun, to induge my hobby... against the rules, of course.
          Visitor:         (To Ellen) Kreton is a rarity among us. Mentally and morally he is
                               retarded. He is a child and he regards your period as a toy. He escaped
                               from his nursery and came back in time to you... We must go, Kreton.
          Ellen:          What is the future like?
          Visitor:        Very serene, very different.
          Kreton:        Don't believe him. It is dull, dull, dull beyond belief!
                              One simply floats through eternity; no wars, no excitement...
          Visitor:        It is forbidden to discuss these matters.
          Kreton:        I can't see what difference it makes since she's going to
                              forget all about us anyway...
          Ellen:         Oh, how I'd love to see the future...                     

Day 4

A. Recapitulation

  1. When we choose a topic for research, we read several references. We can include these references in our bibliography.
  2. What is a bibliography? What information does it contain?
  3. Write the following references as correct bibliographical entries.
          a.   Article:    Can Love and Career Go Together?                 
                Source:   Mod Magazine
                Date:       February 13, 1988
                Volume:   XXV
                Page:      15-18
     b. Book:       A Complete Course in Freshmen English
         Author:      Harry Shaw
         Publisher:   Harper and Row Publishers
         Date:         1990
         Place:         New York
    c.  Book:        Science and Technology Chemistry Book for Third Year
         Author:      Amelia P. Mapa, Trinidad Fidelino, Lilia Rabago
         Publisher: SD Publications, Inc.
         Date:         1999
         Place:        Metro Manila
    d. Article:       The Great Wall of China
        Source:      The World Book Encyclodia
        Date:          1990 ed.
    e. Article:       Landscaping Ideas and Mouthwatering Varieties
        Author:       Maria Cristina Angeles
        Source:      Malaya
        Date:          January 28, 2003
        Volume:     XXII No. 2
        Page:         20

B. Tasks

 Task 1    Choosing a Topic
  1. What are the things that you would consider in choosing a topic for research?
           First, consider your interest in the topic. Remember that you will spend a lot of time doing it.
          Second, consider the availability of materials. Be sure that your library has available materials
    for your topics.
     2.  What subjects should you avoid?
                Avoid questions that can be answered without doing library research. 
           For example, “Is the incumbent president the best president that the
           Philippines has ever had?” This is a very subjective topic.
                Topics that you should also avoid are those that can be answered by
           consulting just one or two books.
Task 2    Sharing on Assigned Task
[Ask two students to write their assignment on the board. Analyze the questions asked. Show that by asking those questions, a broad topic can be narrowed down].
     1.  How wewe the topics narrowed down?
     2.  What information was added to make the topics more specific?
C. Closure
     1. Choose any two (2) topics and narrow it down.
     2. Show your work to your partner for comments or suggestions.
[Do the exercise on the board with the class].
 D. Assignment
Decide on a topic for your research paper. Be sure to narrow down your topic. Submit your topic for approval.

Day 5

A. Recapitulation

           If you were asked to do a paper on Space Shuttle Columbia, what  
     specific topic would you work on?
B. Tasks
Task 1
       Compare the pair of sentences below to observe consistency in point of
                Inconsistent:   I watched in disbelief the shocking images on   
                                        television  of the Space Shuttle Columbia accident and
                                        a person cannot help but  sympathize with the
                                        astronauts. (Shift from 1 to a third person).
                Consistent:    I watched in disbelief the shocking images on television
                                        of the Space Shuttle Columbia accident and I cannot
                                        help but sympathize with the astronauts.
Task 2      Highlighting of Form
[Elicit generalization from the students]
        How can we avoid awkward and confusing structures in sentences and paragraphs?
[Observe consistency in point of view. Do not shift unnecessarily from 1st to 2nd or 3rd person.]
Task 3
A.  Choose the most appropriate word inside the parenthesis.
  1. The United States was plunged into another day of mourning for the loss of Columbia. However, (it, we) will continue with the search for the answers for the disintegration of the space shuttle.
  2. I saw it coming across the sky bright and shiny. (I, We) thought it was the sun shining off an airplane.
  3. World leaders telephoned Pres. Bush to express their sympathies. (We, They) urged him not to let up its quest to explore space.
  1. U.S. government should not be discouraged to continue its space exploration. (You, It) should continue to journey into space.
  2. The astronauts did not die in vain. (We, They) should be honored for what they had done.
B.  Complete the following statements logically. Observe consistency in point of view.
  1. I believe that the tragedy struck for a reason but _____.
  2. I don't think that the terrorists had anything to do with the tragedy because _______.
  3. An astronaut had to undergo rigid training before sending him to outer space, otherwise _______.
  4. India paid homage to Kalpra Chawla for ________.
  5. U.S. government will never give up searching for the answers to the tragedy until______.
Task 4
[Group the students]
    Should NASA be blamed for the tragedy?
    Reports said that NASA had considered retiring Columbia in 2001. Could the tragedy be prevented if Columbia, NASA's oldest shuttle was not allowed to explore the outer space? Give your opinion.
C. Closure
          Think about this:
           If you were chosen to be the first person to relocate to Mars, would you
D. Assignment
           Think of two possible topics for research. Write them in your assignment
           Recall our lesson on how to write a bibliography.


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